Ancient Indian Proverb:
“Treat the earth well. It was not given to you by your parents; it was loaned to you by your children. We do not inherit the Earth from our Ancestors; we borrow it from our Children.”
For thousands of years, tucked in the mountains or scattered amongst the desolate dirt floors of the southwest desert, Indian ruins of ancient civilizations can be found. These past inhabitants left their partially ruin structures, pottery shards, painted rocks, and tools leaving us to speculate how they were able to survive the harsh desert. The Sinagua, Salado, and Hohokam Indians were amongst the Native Americans that once thrived around the 12th century and then mysteriously disappeared in the vast desert wasteland.
A 700 year old Salado Indian ruins on the outskirts of Globe, AZ. The name Besh Ba-Gowah comes from the Apache language and means, “place of metal” or “metal camp”. The narrow passages throughout the ruins served as a defense mechanism against enemies or other dangers to those who lived there. Each structure is made of heavy stones, two stories with storage on the bottom and each family living in the upper level. It is believed the Salado Indians were a highly developed group of people with remarkable abilities to create utensils, decorative pottery and colorful cotton cloths. What really happened to the Salado remains a mystery to this day.
For over 400 years, the Sinagua people lived in a dwelling tucked in the red rocks in the Verde Valley near Sedona, AZ. The dwelling was made of limestone and located about 100 feet above Oat Creek. The Sinagua were hunters, gatherers, artisans and also disappeared mysteriously.
Another place where the Sinagua people lived was on a hilltop between Sedona and Jerome, AZ. Tuzigoot, which means “crooked water”, is made of massive cobblestone and were uneven two story dwellings. Like the Montezuma Castle Sinagua people, they were highly skilled. They constructed many canals for irrigation for their entire crop. They also vanished without a trace like the other Native American people.
Back in 200 B.C. until around 1450, the Hohokam people lived in the south-central area of the Arizona. From the Hohokam ruins which have been unearthed, we can see they were skilled group of farmers who built elaborate canals that went on for miles. They grew corn, beans, squash, agave, and cotton for clothing and other uses to protect themselves from the harsh environment. They were hunters, fishermen, and used the desert materials to build their homes. What happened to the Hohokam? Some stories say they went back to Mexico because Arizona was too hard on them, and other stories say they split up into different tribes. Perhaps the answers are in the many petroglyphs left on the stones in various places throughout the state.
More of those Indian proverbs:
Crazy Horse – “A very great vision is needed and the man who has it must follow it as the eagle seeks the deepest blue of the sky.”
Hopi – “Don’t be afraid to cry. It will free your mind of sorrowful thoughts.”
Apache – “It is better to have less thunder in the mouth and more lightning in the hand.”
Blackfoot – “Those that lie down with dogs, get up with fleas.”